Happy birthday to you and a yet-to-be revealed Victorian!
From the creator of Tarzan to business titans, these historic ladies and gentlemen left an impression — perhaps even an invention. . .
1st George Washington Carver, Therese Malfatti 2nd Slava Raškaj 3rd Lucretia Mott 4th Carlo Marochetti 5th Nikolai Medtner 6th Eduard Bernstein 7th Bernadette Soubirous 8th Lawrence Alma-Tadema 9th Lady Randolph Churchill 10th Jacob Schiff 11th James Paget 12th Jack London 13th Ernestine Louise Rose 14th Berthe Morisot 15th Loie Fuller 16th Edward Gordon Craig 17th Anne Brontë, Alva Belmont 18th A. A. Milne 19th Edgar Allan Poe, Henry Bessemer, William Powell Frith 20th Julia Morgan 21st Felix Hoffmann 22nd August Strindberg 23rd Édouard Manet 24th Edith Wharton, Ferdinand Cohn 25th Virginia Woolf 26th Bessie Coleman 27th Lewis Carroll 28th Charles George Gordon 29th Lawrence Hargrave 30th F. H. Bradley 31st Michael Maybrick
1st Frédéric Chopin 2nd José Guadalupe Posada 3rd Felix Mendelssohn, Elizabeth Blackwell 4th A. V. Dicey 5th Robert Peel 6th Charles Wheatstone, Lancelot “Capability Brown 7th Charles Dickens 8th Jules Verne, Walter Rothschild, John Ruskin 9th Wilson Bentley 10th Anna Boch 11th Thomas Edison 12th Charles Darwin 13th Rufus Wilmot Griswold 14th Christopher Latham Sholes 15th Susan B. Anthony, Sir Ernest Shackleton 16th Phineas Quimby 17th Isabelle Eberhardt 18th Louis Comfort Tiffany 19th Mary Anderson 20th Mary Garden 21st Mirra Alfassa 22nd Eric Gill 23rd W. E. B. Du Bois, Agnes Arber 24th Winslow Homer 25th Pierre-Auguste Renoir 26th Victor Hugo 27th Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 28th Ernest Renan 29th Herman Hollerith
1st Robert Cornelius 2nd Consuelo Vanderbilt 3rd Alexander Graham Bell, Diocletian Lewis 4th Maude Fealy 5th Rosa Luxemburg, William Beveridge 6th Elizabeth Barrett Browning 7th Julius Wagner-Jauregg 8th Kenneth Grahame 9th Gustav Stickley 10th Kate Sheppard, Lillian Wald 11th Marius Petipa 12th Simon Newcomb 13th Hugo Wolf 14th Isabella Beeton 15th John Snow 16th Rosa Bonheur 17th Kate Greenaway 18th Rudolf Diesel 19th David Livingston 20th Frederick Winslow Taylor 21st Albert Kahn 22nd Randolph Caldecott, Gérard de Nerval 23rd Emmy Noether, Léon Minkus 24th Harry Houdini, William Morris 25th Julius Caesar 26th Alexander Sutherland, A. E. Housman 27th Wilhelm Rontgen 28th Joseph Bazalgette 29th Edwin Lutyens 30th Vincent Van Gogh, Anna Sewll 31st Andrew Lang
1st Edmond Rostand 2nd Hans Christian Andersen 3rd Washington Irving 4th Philippa Fawcett 5th Joseph Lister 6th Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia 7th Thomas Hill Green 8th Mary Pickford, Lily Elsie 9th Eadweard Muybridge 10th Joseph Pulitzer, William Booth, Samuel Hahnemann 11th Ferdinand Lassalle 12th Otto Fritz Meyerhof 13th Antonio Meucci 14th Isabella Stewart Gardner, Junius Spencer Morgan 15th Théodore Rousseau 16th Wilbur Wright 17th Eliza Acton 18th Clarence Darrow 19th Eva Gonzalès 20th Franz Xaver Winterhalter 21st Charlotte Brontë, John Muir 22nd Róbert Bárány 23rd Ruggero Leoncavallo 24th Anthony Trollope 25th Felix Klein 26th Alice Cary 27th Samuel Morse 28th Cecil Aldin 29th William Randolph Hearst 30th Franz Lehár, John Lubbock
1st Theo van Gogh, Santiago Ramón y Cajal 2nd Nannie Helen Burroughs 3rd Bernhard von Bülow 4th Thomas Huxley, Frederic Edwin Church, John Hanning Speke 5th Karl Marx, Elizabeth Cochran 6th Sigmund Freud 7th Robert Browning, Johannes Brahms 8th Henry Dunant 9th J. M. Barrie 10th Aurel Stodola 11th Einar Jonsson 12th Florence Nightingale, Dante Gabriel Rossetti 13th Arthur Sullivan 14th Kurt Eisner 15th Pierre Curie 16th Levi Morton 17th Julius Wellhausen, Charles Robert Ashbee 18th Mathew Brady, Nicholas II 19th Johns Hopkins, Nellie Melba 20th John Stuart Mill 21st Mary Anning 22nd Arthur Conan Doyle, Mary Cassatt 23rd Margaret Fuller, Otto Lilienthal 24th Queen Victoria 25th Ralph Waldo Emerson, Marie Doro 26th Bob Fitzsimmons 27th Jay Gould 28th Oscar Milosz 29th G. K. Chesterton 30th Peter Carl Fabergé 31st Henriëtte Ronner-Knip
1st Henry Faulds 2nd Thomas Hardy 3rd Albert Toft 4th William Pitt 5th Ruth Benedict 6th Allan Octavian Hume 7th Charles Rennie Mackintosh 8th Frank Lloyd Wright 9th Bertha von Suttner 10th Gustave Courbet 11th Millicent Fawcett, Julia Margaret Cameron 12th Johanna Spyri 13th Catherine Walters 14th Karl Landsteiner 15th Edvard Grieg 16th Paul Lafargue 17th Charles Gounod 18th George Mallory 19th Beatrix Farrand 20th Jacques Offenbach 21st Clara Immerwahr 22nd Paul Morphy, Madeleine Vionnet 23rd Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb 24th Ambrose Bierce 25th Antoni Gaudi 26th Bernard Berenson 27th Paul Broca 28th Cicely Mary Barker 29th Camille Clifford, Lothrop Stoddard 30th Viktor Schauberger
1st Amantine Dupin 2nd William Henry Bragg 3rd Charlotte Perkins Gilman 4th Emmeline Pankhurst, George Everest, Henrietta Swan Leavitt 5th William Robinson 6th Annette Kellermann 7th Abraham Cahan 8th John D. Rockefeller 9th Elias Howe 10th Camille Pissarro 11th James Abbott McNeill Whistler 12th Henry David Thoreau, Eugène Boudin 13th Margaret Murray 14th Gertrude Bell 15th Frances Xavier Cabrini 16th Ida B. Wells 17th Martin Farquhar Tupper 18th William Makepeace Thackeray, Molly Brown 19th Edgar Degas 20th Max Liebermann 21st Paul Reuter 22nd Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon 23rd Edward Adrian Wilson 24th Alexander Dumas, Oswald Chambers 25th Elizabeth Siddal 26th George Bernard Shaw, Carl Jung 27th Ludvig Nobel 28th Beatrix Potter 29th Max Nordau 30th Emily Brontë, Dr. Paul Gachet 31st Amos Adams Lawrence
1st Herman Melville 2nd John Tyndall 3rd Joseph Paxton 4th John Venn 5th Alfred Lord Tennyson, Louis Wain 6th Alexander Fleming 7th Mata Hari, Alice James 8th Henry Fairfield Osborn 9th Adoniram Judson 10th Henri Nestlé, Charles James Napier 11th Owen Nares, Christiaan Eijkman 12th John Cadbury 13th Lucy Stone 14th John Galsworthy 15th Sir Walter Scott, Edith Nesbit 16th Arthur Cayley 17th Esther Howland 18th Anna Ancher 19th Agnes Strickland, Gustave Caillebotte 20th Eduard Suess 21st Charlotte Brontë 22nd Claude Debussy 23rd Arnold Tonybee 24th Henry Gannett 25th Allan Pinkerton, Theodor Kocher 26th Prince Albert 27th Karl Haushofer 28th Louis Le Prince, Edward Burne-Jones 29th Joseph Jacobs, Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet 30th Evelyn De Morgan 31st Mathilde Kschessinska
1st Edgar Rice Burroughs 2nd Kirkpatrick Macmillian 3rd Louis Sullivan 4th Daniel Burnham 5th Amy Beach 6th Felix Salten 7th William Friese-Greene 8th Joshua Chamerlain 9th Leo Tolstoy 10th Charles Sanders Peirce 11th Mary Elizabeth Lease, O. Henry 12th Richard Jordan Gatling 13th Clara Schumann, Milton Hershey 14th Charles Dana Gibson 15th Bruno Walter 16th Squire Whipple 17th Bernhard Riemann 18th Anton Mauve 19th William Kirby 20th James Dewar 21st Charles Nicolle 22nd Michael Faraday 23rd Victoria Woodhull 24th Howard Florey 25th Alfred Vail, Thomas Hunt Morgan 26th Winsor McCay 27th Thomas Nast 28th Kate Douglas Wiggin 29th Elizabeth Gaskell 30th Jean Baptiste Perrin
1st Annie Besant 2nd Patrick Geddes 3rd Dr. Samuel Jean de Pozzi 4th Sidney Edward Paget 5th Louis Lumière 6th Jenny Lind 7th Niels Bohr 8th Otto Heinrich Warburg 9th Helene Deutsch 10th Giuseppe Verde 11th Emily Davidson, Louis Cyr 12th Arthur Harden 13th Lillie Langrty, Ethel Warwick 14th Alexander von Zemlinsky, Sumner Welles 15th James Tissot 16th Oscar Wilde, Princess Kaʻiulani 17th Childe Hassam 18th Henri Bergson 19th Auguste Lumière 20th Nellie McClung 21st Alfred Noble 22nd Franz Liszt, Sarah Bernhardt 23rd Lawren Harris 24th Sarah Josepha Hale 25th Georges Bizet 26th C. P. Scott 27th John Davis Long 28th Sister Nivedita 29th Kate Perugini, John Elliotson 30th Alfred Sisley 31st Catherine Helen Spence
1st William Merritt Chase 2nd George Boole, George Sorel 3rd Elizabeth Thompson 4th James Montgomery 5th Ella Wheeler Wilcox, Ida Tarbell 6th Adolphe Sax 7th Marie Curie 8th Bram Stoker 9th Stanford White 10th Amy Levy 11th Anna Katharine Green 12th Auguste Rodin 13th Robert Louis Stevenson 14th Claude Monet 15th Alma Pihl 16th James FitzGibbon 17th Linda Lee Thomas 18th Wyndham Lewis, Asa Gray 19th Ferdinand de Lesseps 20th Wilifrid Laurier 21st 22nd Mary Anne Evans 23rd Mary Seacole 24th Frances H. Burnett, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Grace Horsley Darling 25th Mabel Gardiner Hubbard 26th Mary Edwards Walker 27th Charles Scott Sherrington 28th James Allen 29th Louisa May Alcott, Gertrude Jekyll 30th L. M. Montgomery
1st Marie Bracquemond 2nd Georges Seurat 3rd Frederic Leighton, Rowland Hill 4th Thomas Carlyle 5th Christina Rossetti 6th Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin 7th Richard W. Sears 8th Aristide Maillol 9th Marcus Goldman, Breaker Morant 10th Ada Lovelace, Emily Dickinson, William Lloyd Garrison, 11th Robert Koch 12th Edvard Munch 13th Philips Brooks 14th Roger Fry 15th Clara Driscoll 16th Jane Austen 17th Joseph Henry 18th Edward MacDowell 19th Albert A. Michelson 20th Elsie de Wolfe, Edwin Abbott Abbott 21st Benjamin Disraeli 22nd Edwin Arlington Robinson 23rd Thomas W. Evans, Sarah Breedlove 24th Empress Sissi 25th Clara Barton, Louis-Joseph Chevrolet 26th Mary Somerville 27th Louis Pasteur 28th Herbert von Bismarck, Arthur Eddington 29th William Gladstone 30th Rudyard Kipling 31st Henri Matisse