Victorian Spiritualism

During the Victorian Era, the infant mortality rate was alarmingly high, countless lives were lost to industrial equipment, and all the while a single disease could take an entire family.

With such an abundance of death, survivors were left full of anguish. Thus Spiritualism – the belief that ghosts exist and we can communicate with them – came into existence. 

A key component of spiritualism are séances. A séance, is a meeting centered on a medium who seeks to communicate with spirits of the dead. One usually takes place in darkness and it generally involves six or eight persons, who normally form a circle and hold hands. 

 

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The séance pictured above took place in 1909 at the Rome, Italy studio of Baron von Erhardt.

Three American sisters: Leah, Margaret and Kate Fox, were the world’s first mediums. The trio hit the headlines when they claimed to communicate with a spirit haunting their home. The girls used a series of knocks – one for ‘yes’, two for ‘no’ – to communicate with the spirit.

 

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The Fox sisters. From left to right: Margaret, Kate and Leah

 

 

Spiritualism was the answer many Victorians were seeking. An official religion, the Spiritualists’ National Federation, was started in the UK in 1890. Known today as the Spiritualists’ National Union, the organization has 350 affiliated churches with almost 16,000 full members and over 2,000 associate members in England.

 

 

Sources:
http://mentalfloss.com/article/12824/12-weird-vintage-pictures-s%C3%A9ances
https://www.howitworksdaily.com/victorian-seances-debunked-the-secrets-of-speaking-to-the-dead/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fox_sisters
https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/spiritualism/history/history.shtml

Author: Victorian Trading Co.

Preserving the richness of the most romantic eras, we capture antiquity in our unique gifts, clothing and home decor.

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